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Arabic Calligraphy
Arabic Calligraphy

Deewani script is an Ottoman development parallel to Shikasteh (broken style). The script was largely developed by the accomplished calligrapher Ibrahim Munif in the late 15th century from the Turkish/Persian Ta'liq. Deewani reached its zenith in the 17th century, thanks to the famous calligrapher Shala Pasha.

Like Riq'a, Deewani became a favorite script for writing in the Ottoman chancellery. Deewani is excessively cursive and highly structured with its letters undotted and unconventionally joined together. It uses no vowel marks. Deewani also developed an ornamental variety called Deewani Jali which also was known as Humayuni (Imperial). The development of Deewani Jali is credited to Hafiz Uthman. The spaces between the letters are spangled with decorative devices which do not necessarily have any orthographic value. Deewani Jali is highly favored for ornamental purposes.

Uno SampleUno Sample

"Allah is the Great"

(A common saying)

Second SampleSecond Sample

"O you who believe! Fasting is prescribed for you as it was prescribed for those before you, that you may (learn) self-restraint".

(From the Holy Qur'an: Surah: 2, Al-Baqarah, verse: 183.)


In The Name of Allah, the Most Beneficent, the Most Merciful
"But the Bounty of your Lord - rehearse and proclaim!".

(From the Holy Qur'an: Surah: 93, Ad-Duha, verse: 11)

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"Mohammed is the messenger of Allah"

(From the Holy Qur'an: Surah: 48, Al-Fat'h, verse: 29)


"Those who believe, and whose hearts find satisfaction in the remembrance of Allah: for without doubt in the remembrance of Allah do hearts find satisfaction."

(From the Holy Qur'an: Surah: 13, Ar-Ra'd, Verse: 28.)

Sixth SampleSixth Sample

"Those who teach me have my everlasting respect"

(A common saying)

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