||The world's finest museum of arts. Established in 1793 by the French Republic, the Louvre Museum, in the company of the Ashmolean Museum (1683), the Dresden Museum (1744) and the Vatican Museum (1784) is one of the earliest European museums.
Divided into 7 departments, the Louvre collections incorporate works dating from the birth of the great antique civilizations right up to the first half of the XIXth century, including Islamic and oriental antiquities collection.
The Department of Oriental Antiquities and Islamic arts preserves works which originate from a huge area stretching from the Indus to the Mediterranean, which was home to a great number of civilizations and cultures, from the Neolithic period up to around 9500, the oldest of which date back to 6000 years before Christ.
It is in this region that we find the very first records of political, military and religious administration, set up to administer these new complex town structures. It was in Mesopotamia, or more precisely in Uruk, around 3100 BC, that writing appeared for the first time in the world, initially pictographic writing, "drawing" the elements of the real world. As these regions developed, so cuneiform writing also began to appear.
The collections are displayed on the basis of three major geographical and cultural ensembles:
- Mesopotamia (in particular with the civilisations of Sumer, Babylon, Assur and Anatolia).
- Iran (Susa, the Iranian plateau and the Eastern borders of Iran).
- The Levant (the Syro-Palestinian coast and also Cyprus).
Each of these sections is presented in chronological order.