The Museum exhibits a range of important Islamic artifacts and manuscripts expressing the supremacy of the distinct Islamic heritage. This range contains a number of scientific and literary religious manuscripts and several various collections of the Islamic civilization arts and crafts and clay, pottery and glass manufacturies as well as metallic handicrafts inlayed with silver, gold and brass. The museum also exhibits silver and textile handicrafts as well as ornamentation tools, jewelry and various Islamic mints, dating to both Abbaside and Omayyad eras. These mints include collections of silver dinars and dirhams. Moreover, there are a number of scientific systems, especially astronomical ones. Other exhibits include archaeological findings dating the Islamic era, found in varied excavation sites in the Emirate of Sharjah. They include as well arms and varied samples representing styles of the Moslem civilized life for more than 1400 years.