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Islamic Arts and Architecture Organization
   
Seljuk and Ayyubid Dynasties in Syria
1078 The rise of the Seljuks dynasty in Damascus.
1079 The Seljuks expanded their dynasty to include Jerusalem.
1099 The Crusaders subjugated Jerusalem.
1169 - 1250 The rise of the Ayyubids dynasty in Syria and Egypt.
1171 Salah Ed-Din Al-Ayyubi, Sultan.
1187 The Crusaders were defeated at the battle of Hattin.
1191 The Crusaders occupied St. John of Acre.
1196 Malik Al-Adil reinstated Muslim authority in Jerusalem.
1204 The Arabs took over Jerusalem.
1229 - 1244 Treaty of Jaffa; Jerusalem returned to Fredrick II.
  Introduction
  Prophet and Caliphs
  Mikka and Medina
  Medina
  The Ummayads
  First Dynasty: Damascus
  Last Dynsaty: Al-Andalus
  The Abbasids
  First Dynasty: Baghdad
  Last Dynasty: Baghdad
  Tulunid and Fatimid
  Egypt
  Seljuks and Ayyubids
  Syria
  Ifriqiya and Sicily
  Ifriqiya and Sicily
  Almoravid and Almohad
  Morocco
  Al-Andalus (Spain)
  The Mughals
  India
  The Safavids
  The Ottomans