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Architecture: Ashante Art (and Sub-Saharan Islamic Art in general) and its relationship to Mamluk art in Egypt
Adahl, Karin, and Sahlström, Berit (eds.), Islamic Art and Culture in Sub-Saharan Africa, (Sweden: 1995)

'Abd Allah al-Sawi (ed.), Al-Mas'udi, Akhbar al-Zaman, (Beirut: 1906)

al-Husayn, Kitab Akam al-Marjan, in Codazzi, A. (ed.), "Il Compendio geographico arabo," in Rendiconti della R. Accademia Nazionale dei Lincei, series 6, vol. V, (Rome: 1929)

Allan, James W., "Later Mamluk Metalwork: A Series of Dishes," in Oriental Art, vol. 15, #1 (Spring 1969), pp. 38-43;

---------- "Later Mamluk Metalwork--II: A Series of Lunch-Boxes," in Oriental Art, vol. 17, #2 (Summer 1971), pp. 159-64

Atil, Esin, Renaissance of Islam: Art of the Mamluks (Washington D.C.: 1981)

Balog, Paul, "Islamic Bronze Weights from Egypt," in Journal for the Economic and Social History of the Orient, vol. XIII, pp. 233-56.

Barbier, Jean Paul (ed.), Arts of Côte d'Ivoire, 2 vols., (Geneva: 1993)

Blair, Sheila, and Bloom, Jonathan, The Art and Architecture of Islam: 1250-1800, (New Haven: 1994)

Bosman, William, A New and Accurate Description of the Coast of Guinea: Divided into The Gold, The Slave, and The Ivory Coasts, (New York: 1967)

Bravman, René, Islam and Tribal Art in West Africa, (London: 1974)

Busia, K. C., "The Ashanti of the Gold Coast," in African Worlds: Studies in the Cosmological Ideas and Social Values of African People, (Oxford: 1976), pp. 190-209.

Chu, Daniel, and Skinner, Elliott, A Glorious Age in Africa: The Story of Three Great African Empires, (Trenton: 1995).

Cleveland Museum of Art, 7 Metals of Africa, (Cleveland: 1959).

Clark, Peter, West Africa and Islam: A Study of Religious Development from the 8th to the 20th Century, (London: 1982).

Cole, Herbert M., and Ross, Doran H., The Arts of Ghana, (Los Angeles: 1977)

Critchlow, Keith, Islamic Patterns: An Analytical and Cosmological Approach, (London: 1976)

Cuoq, Joseph, Histoire de l'Islamisation de l'Afrique de l'Ouest des Origines à la Fin du XVIè Siècle, (Paris: 1984)

Curatola, Giovanni (ed.), Mirath al-Islam: Eredità dell'Islam, Arte Islamica in Italia, (Venice: 1993)

de Marees, P., van Dantzing, A., and Jones, A. (trans.), Description and Historical Account of the Gold Kingdom of Guinea (1602), (Oxford: 1987)

Defrémery, C., and Sanguinetti, B. R.,Voyages d'Ibn Battutah (Texte Arabe, accompagné d'une Traduction), (Paris: 1879)

Dellenbach, M., "Poids pour Peser l'Or (Côte d'Ivoire)," in Archives Suisses d'Anthropologie Générale, vol. VII (1934), pp. 60-72.

de Rochesnard, J. Forien, and Lugan, J., Catalogue Général des Poids: Alliance Numismatique Européenne, (Anvers: 1955).

Ellis, A. B., A History of the Gold Coast of West Africa, (New York: 1969)

El-Said, Issam, and arman, Ayse, Geometric Concepts in Islamic Art, (Guildford, England: 1976)

Ettinghausen, Richard, and Grabar, Oleg, The Art and Architecture of Islam: 650-1250, (New Haven & London: 1987)

Fagaly, William, Shapes of Power, Belief and Celebration: African Art from New Orleans Collections, (New Orleans: 1989)

Fage, J. D., A History of Africa, (London: 1988)

---------- Ghana: A Historical Interpretation, (Madison: 1961)

Fage, J. D. (ed.), The Cambridge History of Africa, vol. 2, (Cambridge: 1978)

Fagg, William, "Ashanti Gold," in The Connoisseur, 185 (1974), pp. 41-8.

Féhervári, Géza, Islamic Metalwork of the Eighth to the Fifteenth Century in the Keir Collection, (London: 1976)

Fox, Christine, Asante Brass Casting: Lost-Wax Casting of Gold- Weights, Ritual Vessels and Sculptures, with Handmade Equipment, (Cambridge: 1988)

Garrard, Timothy, "Akan Metal Arts," in African Arts, vol. 13: 1 (1979), pp. 36-43, 100.

---------- Akan Weights and the Gold Trade, (London: 1980)

---------- Gold of Africa: Jewellery and Ornaments from Ghana, Côte d'Ivoire, Mali, and Senegal, (Geneva: 1989)

---------- "Studies in Akan Goldweights (1)," in Transactions of the Historical Society of Ghana, vol. 13, n. 1 (June 1972), pp. 1-20.

---------- "Studies in Akan Goldweights (2): The Weight Standards," in Transactions of the Historical Society of Ghana, vol. 13, n. 2 (Dec. 1972), pp. 149-62.

---------- "Studies in Akan Goldweights (3): The Weight Names," in Transactions of the Historical Society of Ghana, vol. 14, n. 1 (June 1973), pp. 1-16.

---------- "Studies in Akan Goldweights (4): The Dating of Akan Goldweights," in Transactions of the Historical Society of Ghana, vol. 14, n. 2 (Dec. 1973), pp. 149-68.

Glück, J., Die Goldgewichte von Oberguinea, (Heidelberg: 1937)

Grabar, Oleg, "Islamic Art: Art of a Culture or Art of a Faith?," in Art and Archaeology Papers (AARP), vol. 9 (April 1976), p. 3.

---------- The Mediation of Ornament, (Princeton: 1992)

Gruber, Christiane, "An Islamic Copper Cauldron in the Collections of The Art Museum, Princeton University," B. A. thesis, (Princeton: 1998)

Habel, H., "Les Poids à Peser l'Or en Côte d'Ivoire," in Bulletin de l'Institut Français d'Afrique Noire, T. 16, série B, pp. 55-82.

Hardy, Georges, L'Art Nègre, (Paris:1927)

Hassan, Salah M., Art and Islamic Literacy Among the Hausa of Northern Nigeria, (Lewiston: 1992) (et seq.)

Ibn Hawqal, Kitab Surat al-ard, in Kramers, J. H. (ed.), Biblioteca Geographorum Arabicorum II, 2nd edition, 2 vols. (Leiden: 1938-9), vol. 1.

Indiana University Art Museum, Islamic Art Across the World, (Bloomington: 1970)

Kisch, Bruno, Scales and Weights: A Historical Outline, (New Haven & London: 1965),

Laude, Jean, The Arts of Black Africa (Jean Decock, trans.), (Los Angeles: 1971)

Leuzinger, Elsy, The Art of Black Africa, (London: 1972)

Levtzion, Nehemia, Ancient Ghana and Mali, (New York: 1980)

---------- "Early 19th Century Arabic Manuscripts," in Transactions of the Historical Society of Ghana, vol. 8 (1965), pp. 97-115.

---------- Islam in West Africa: Religion, Society and Politics to 1800, (Brookfield, Vermont: 1994)

Levtzion, Nehemia, and Hopkins, J. F. P. (eds.), Corpus of Early Arabic Sources for West African History, (Cambridge: 1982)

Lewis, R, Pellat, Ch., and Schacht, J. (eds.), The Encyclopedia of Islam, vol. 2 (C-G), (Leiden: 1965)

Leyten, H. M., and van Rijn, G., Goldweights/Goudgewichten, (Amsterdam: 1979)

Massignon, Louis, "Six Plats de Bronze de Style Mamelouk," in Bulletin de l'Institut Français d'Archéologie Orientale, vol. 10 (1912), pp. 79-88

Mauny, Raymond, "The Gold Trade," in (Collins, Robert O. (ed.)), Problems in African History, (Englewood Cliffs, NJ: 1968), pp. 291-6.

McCaskie, T. C., State and Society in Pre-Colonial Asante, (Cambridge: 1995)

Monteil, V., L'Islam Noire, (Paris: 1971)

Morton, A. H., A Catalogue of Early Islamic Glass Stamps in the British Museum, (London: 1985)

Nasr, Sayyed Hussein, Islamic Art and Spirituality, (New York: 1987).

Niangoran-Bouah, Georges, L'Univers Akan des Poids a Peser L'Or, 3 vols., (Abidjan: 1984)

---------- "Poids à Peser L'Or," in Présence Africaine: Revue Culturelle du Monde Noir, vol. 46: 2 (1963), pp. 202-220.

Nitecki, A., Equal Measure for Kings and Commoners: Goldweights of the Akan, (Calgary: 1982)

Nooter, Mary H., Secrecy: African Art that Conceals and Reveals, (New York: 1993)

Ofosu-Appiah, L. H., "Ghana-- An Historical Introduction," in The Encyclopaedia Africana: Dictionary of African Biography, vol. 1 (Ethiopia-Ghana), (New York: 1997), pp. 167-170.

Oliver, Roland, and Atmore, Anthony, The African Middle Ages: 1400-1800, (Cambridge: 1981)

Oliver, Roland, and Crowder, Michael (eds.), The Cambridge Encyclopedia of Africa, (Cambridge: 1981)

Ott, Albert, The Historical Significance of Akan Gold Weights, (Abidjan: 1965)

Plass, M. W., African Miniature: The Gold Weights of the Ashanti, (London: 1967).

Price, Christine, Made in West Africa, (London: 1975)

Prussin, Labelle, Hatumere: Islamic Design in West Africa, (Los Angeles: 1986)

Rattray, Raymond, Ashanti, (Oxford: 1923)

---------- Ashanti Proverbs: The Primitive Ethics of a Savage People, (Oxford: 1916).

---------- Religion and Art in Ashanti, (Oxford: 1927)

---------- The Tribes of the Ashanti Hinterland, (Oxford: 1932)

Redmayne, Paul, Gold Coast to Ghana, (London: 1957)

Reindorf, Rev. Carl Christian, The History of the Gold Coast and Asante: Based on Traditions and Historical Facts Comprising a Period of More than Three Centuries from about 1500 to 1860, Accra: 1966)

Rogers, J. M., Islamic Art and Design: 1500-1700, (London: 1983)

Sadler, Michael (ed.), Arts of West Africa, (London: 1935)

Salam-Liebich, Hayat, Art Islamique: Objets du Quotidien: Collection du Musée des Beaux Arts de Montréal, (Montréal: 1983)

Sieber, Roy, " in Creighton, G., and Bennet, N. (eds.), African Art and Culture History," in Reconstructing African Culture History, (Boston: 1967), pp. 117-37.

Silverman, Roy, "History, Art and Assimilation: The Impact of Islam on Akan Material Culture," Ph.D. Dissertation, (University of Washington: 1983)

The Encyclopaedia Africana: Dictionary of African Biography, 20 vols., (New York: Reference Publications Inc., 1977), vol. 1 (Ethipia-Ghana)

Thomas, N. W., "Ashanti and Baule Gold Weights," in Royal Anthropological Institute, vol. L (1920), pp. 52-68.

Thompson, Robert, African Art in Motion, (Los Angeles: 1974)

Vogt, John, Portuguese Rule on the Gold Coast: 1469-1682, (Athens: 1979)

Von Graffenfield, C., Goldgewichte im Bernischen Historischen Museum, (Bern: 1990)

Wade, David, Pattern in Islamic Art, (New York: 1976)

Wilks, Ivor, "A Note on the Early Spread of Islam in Dagomba," in Transactions of the Historical Society of Ghana, vol. 8 (1965), pp. 87-96.

---------- "The Growth of Islamic Learning in Ghana," in Journal of the Historical Society of Nigeria, vol. 2, n. 4 (Dec. 1963), pp. 406-417.

---------- The Northern Factor in Ashanti History, (Abidjan: 1961)

Willis, John, "Introduction: Reflections on the Diffusion of Islam in West Africa," in Willis, John (ed.), Studies in West African Islamic History, (London: 1979), pp. 1-40.

Willis, J. (ed.), Studies in West African Islamic History, vol. 1 (The Cultivators of Islam), (London: 1979)

Wills, J. Brian, Agriculture and Land Use in Ghana, (London: 1962)

Wilson, Eva, Islamic Designs, (London: 1988)

Zeller, R., Die Gold Gewichte von Asante (Westafrica), (Leipzig: 1952)

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